原文标题：China Is Requiring People to Register Real Names for Some Internet Services
China Is Requiring People to Register Real Names for Some Internet Services
BEIJING—China announced sweeping new regulations requiring users of an array of Internet services to register with their real names and avoid spreading content that challenges national interests.
Internet users will also be punished for adopting misleading handles such as “Putin,” “Obama” or “People’s Daily,” state media said Wednesday of the new rules, which could hurt some of the country’s biggest Internet companies.
The requirements apply to users of blogs, microblogs, instant-messaging services, online discussion forums, news comment sections and related services, said the Cyberspace Administration of China, the country’s Internet regulator, in a statement posted on its website.
Internet users will still be allowed to select their own usernames and avatars as long as they don’t involve “illegal or unhealthy” content.
“Username chaos” had become a serious problem on the Chinese Internet, the state-run China News Service said in a report on the new regulations, citing an unidentified representative of the regulator. Fake accounts, it said, had “polluted the Internet ecology, harmed the interests of the masses, and seriously violated core socialist values.”
The Internet regulator didn’t immediately respond to requests to comment. According to the China News Service, Internet companies will be required to devote staff to implement the requirements.
The new regulations, to be enforced starting March 1, ban nine categories of usernames, including anything that harms national security, involves national secrets, incites ethnic discrimination or hatred, or harms national unity. Names that promote pornography, gambling, violence, terror, superstition and rumors are also banned, according to the statement.
Users will also be required to agree to respect the law, the socialist political system, social morality and truth before being allowed to use a given service.
Chinese President Xi Jinping has been determined to quash dissent and frank in portraying the Internet as an ideological battleground the Communist Party must dominate. He has created a new high-level committee on Internet security and put himself at its helm. He has also presided over efforts to replace Western-made computer chips with local alternatives and force foreign tech companies to submit their products to security reviews In January, regulators shut down dozens of social-media accounts for offenses ranging from spreading pornography to distorting history. Earlier this week, authorities accused Netease, a U.S.-listed Internet portal known for its relatively light censorship, of having “serious orientation problems,” saying it was helping spread rumors and smut. Netease didn’t respond to requests for comment.
The new rules, if strictly implemented, could have ripple effects throughout the Chinese Internet, analysts said.
“In a one-person, one-account situation, you’re going to see a lot of water flow out of the system,” said Zhu Wei, an expert in media law at the Chinese University of Political Science and Law, referring to artificially inflated user counts.
Baidu declined to comment. Tencent didn’t respond to a request to comment. In a statement posted online, Weibo vowed to abide by the new regulations and to “improve its management of information related to nicknames, avatars and personal descriptions.”
In addition to decreased user numbers, Chinese Internet companies face significant added operational costs associated with identifying users, verifying their information and tracking their activities, analysts said. With regulators offering few details about implementation, it is possible companies will again try to resist, though analysts said the government was not likely to give up on real-name registration.
“To maintain the stability of society and national security has always been at the top of the list for the Chinese government, and it is continuously revising the regulations to make sure it has the necessary coverage,” said Charlie Dai, an Internet analyst with Forrester Research.
There are multiple levels of identity validation and the government is likely to negotiate with individual Internet companies over which level they needed to implement, Mr. Dai said. Users might be unhappy, but they have few other choices, he added. “Some will leave, but finally most of them will accept it,” he said.
Chinese Internet companies would probably benefit from the added requirements in the long run because of the increased credibility they would bring, according to Mr. Zhu. In any case, he said, the companies didn’t have much choice.
“These rules aren’t the end. They’re not even the beginning of the end,” he said, pointing to a proposal for a unified tracking system—managed by the Public Security Bureau—that would allow users to register for any Internet service using a digital ID based on their government-issued ID card. “This isn’t far in the future,” he said. “It’s going to be in the near future.”
xunzi（中国） Why are you making a big deal when we did something that the West already did? Such as Facebook and pretty much every credible media that require real name to create account and post.
Steakhouse（安哥拉） Some require you to use your cell phone numbers but other require your email only.
xunzi（中国） I have no problem with sites asking for cell phone as it is for my protection as well as them if that website is a profit-driven. Now I have serious problem if a community website like PDF asking for my cell phone number to register because there is no purpose for that.
Steakhouse（安哥拉） Nope, fake name, birthdate, no personal information.
I no longer register with yahoo after I forgot my yahoo password, now yahoo require my cell phone number, I won’t need yahoo ID and give away my personal infor.
xunzi（中国） You must have register before the real name policy took shape. As I remembered, I have a facebook/youtube/google+/etc that I used fake account. Then the change took effect and they asked me to provide real name. Indeed you can fake your real name. There is multiple ways to bypass that and there is no way they know. However they make your registration harder if you provide fake name because they will ask for verification of your identification through ID or telephone number. Anyhow, we are NOT the first country to adopt real-name identification for serious platform. South Korea did that a long time ago but nobody make a shit out of it. Why now when we do it?
之前必须实名注册的政策已经成型。我记得,我有一个facebook和youtube / google + / etc,我用假名字。然后更改生效，他们要求我提供真实姓名。事实上你可以编一个真实姓名。有多种方法来绕过，没有办法知道。然而如果你提供假名字，他们让你注册更加困难，因为他们会要求通过ID或电话号码验证你的身份。总之，我们不是第一个采取网络实名身份的国家。韩国很久以前就开始了，但是没有人出来喷狗屎。为什么现在当我们做的时候，都蹦出来了?
Steakhouse（安哥拉） I just create my google account recently in bout 5 months with my fake ID. I don’t want government or anyone to know and track me on my internet usage. I rather not register any website if require my real ID.
You can use free wifi for the internet and no one know who you are.